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Nonjudicial officers (NJOs) permeate the criminal justice and the forensic mental health systems in hidden ways. But what are the impact and consequences of non-lawyers and non- “real judges” hearing cases? Across the nation, numerous cases are outsourced to administrative and other NJOs to decide issues ranging from family court cases involving custody disputes and foster care, to alcohol, substance abuse, as well as mental health and institutionalization issues. Moreover, NJOs may also deal with probation sentencing, conditions of confinement, release restrictions, and even capital punishment.

The editors and contributors to the indispensable Justice Outsourced examine the hidden role of these nonjudicial officers in the courtroom and administrative settings, as well as the ethical and practical considerations of using NJOs. Written from the perspective of therapeutic jurisprudence by judges, criminologists, lawyers, law professors, psychologists, and sociologists, this volume provides a much-needed wake-up call that emphasizes why the removal of a judge weakens a defendant’s rights and dignity and corrupts the administration of justice. However, Justice Outsourced also suggests effective employments of NJOs, revealing the potential of therapeutic principles and procedures to enhance the practical knowledge supplied by nonjudicial decision-makers.

Contributors: Brandi Alfonso, Ashley Balavender, Colleen M. Berryessa, Judge Kevin S. Burke, Michael Cassidy, Brandi N. Diaz, Deborah A. Dorfman, Henry A. Dlugacz, Heather Ellis Cucolo, Mehgan Gallagher, Talia Roitberg Harmon, Richelle Kloch, Shelley Kolstad, Alison J. Lynch, Voula Marinos, Valerie R. McClain, Bernard P. Perlmutter, Victoria Rapp, Karen Snedker, Rae Taylor, Lenore E. A . Walker, Naomi Weinstein, Lisa Whittingham, and the editors.

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Temple University Press


Justice Outsourced: The Therapeutic Jurisprudence Implications of Judicial Decision Making by Nonjudicial Officers edited by Michael L. Perlin and Kelly Frailing. Used by permission of Temple University Press. © 2022 by Temple University. All Rights Reserved.

Justice Outsourced: The Therapeutic Jurisprudence Implications of Judicial Decision-Making by Nonjudicial Officers (2022)