The recent turmoil in the financial markets caused by rising default rates on subprime residential home mortgages should not obscure that several studies have shown that African-Americans, Latinos, and residents of predominantly minority neighborhoods receive a disproportionately high percentage of subprime loans. The subprime lending crisis should also not obscure the fact that they have also received a disproportionately low percentage of all home mortgage loans.
This report uses data made public pursuant to the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) to examine home mortgage lending in New York City in 2004 and 2005 to determine whether African-Americans, Latinos, and residents of predominantly minority neighborhoods received their share of home mortgage loans and whether they paid more for the loans they got.
The report reaches several conclusions. The most important conclusion is that in New York City in 2005, African-Americans, Latinos, and residents of predominantly minority neighborhoods received significantly higher percentages of subprime HMDA and home purchase loans than whites and residents of predominantly white neighborhoods.
Although the HMDA data that this report uses do not contain enough information about the creditworthiness of individual borrowers to determine whether these disparities are the result of illegal discrimination, the disparities in some cases are so stark that they beg for government enforcement agencies who have access to information about borrower creditworthiness to investigate individual lenders further and they invite private parties to commence litigation against lenders through which they can gain access to this information.
Marsico, Richard D., "The Higher Cost of Being African-American or Latino: Subprime Home Mortgage Lending in New York City, 2004-2005" (2007). Articles & Chapters. 1361.